The Netherlands Gambling Authority
The Netherlands Gambling Authority (NGA) was established on 1 April 2012. The NGA is an independent governance body and is the supervisor and regulator of games of chance in the European part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The NGA is funded by the industry through gaming levies.The Authority is governed by the Board of Directors and is managed by the Management Team.
The Authority consists of 6 departments:
- Communications, International Affairs and Governance Department
- Enforcement Department
- Facility Management Department
- Legal and Development Department
- Supervision & Operator Department
- Supervision & Consumer Department
The NGA has a threefold task: (1) to regulate legal supply, (2) to prevent gambling addiction and illegality and crime (related to gambling), and (3) to protect and inform consumers.
The Minister of Justice and Security bears the political responsibility for gambling policy in the Netherlands.
See also the Annual Report of the NGA (pdf, 11 MB).
In 2010, Government decided to modernize our Betting and Gaming Act. A Remote Gambling Bill has been sent to Parliament in July 2014. The Remote Gambling Bill enables the provision of online games of chance in The Netherlands, provided that a license had been obtained.
In July 2016 the House of Representatives has approved the Remote Gambling Bill. The Senate must still approve the Bill.
Online games of chance
As long as the Remote Gambling Bill has not come into force, it is not allowed to offer remote games of chance in The Netherlands, neither is it allowed to expand marketing or advertising activities for remote games of chance. Every company that operates from an EU or EEA Member State can apply for a license. If the company operates from a third country, the EU or EEA-obligation can be waived by the Board of Directors of the Netherlands Gambling Authority if further conditions are satisfied. Conditions of such a waiver still have to be worked out in lower legislation.
During the debate about the future Remote Gambling Bill, an amendment has passed, setting a uniform tax rate of 29% for all games of chance. The Coalition Agreement says that online gambling operators must have some kind of physical presence in the Netherlands.
The Netherlands gambling market
The Netherlands has a regulated offline gambling market, that consists of: a casino monopoly with 14 casinos (operated by Holland Casino), a state lottery, charity lotteries, a monopoly on lotto and sports betting, a monopoly on horse racing and private operators of 42.000 slot machines in arcades, bars and restaurants.
Online gambling is forbidden
The total turnover of the legal gambling sector is more than €2 billion. Almost €500 million is transferred to charities; the same amount goes to the Treasury.